On September 19, 2015, Paul Bergner made the following summary of findings regarding the ketogenic diet:
What I have learned in the last few years that is important:
1) This is not just a diet for losing weight. It is of general benefit for anyone who can follow it.
2) It can profoundly increase endurance exercise performance.
3) It profoundly lowers markers of systemic inflammation and oxidation.
4) Going too high with protein can blunt the effects of the diet - at high level (>1.5 grams/kg of body weight) can be antiketogenic. It needs to be high fat, with protein in the range of 1 to 1.5 grams per Kg of body weight.
5) Urine strips are not an accurate measure of ketosis beyound the first few weeks; the kidney adapts to high ketosis and conserves ketones, and it is possible after keto-adaptation to be in ketosis with negative urine ketones. This is a frequent cause of demoralization in some following the diet. There are now meters, as simple and as inexpensive as a blood glucose meter, to measure serum ketones.
"The present study shows the beneficial effects of a long-term ketogenic diet. It significantly reduced the body weight and body mass index of the patients. Furthermore, it decreased the level of triglycerides, LDL cholesterol and blood glucose, and increased the level of HDL cholesterol."